Reproductive rights are legal rights and freedoms relating to reproduction and reproductive health.
The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics has stated that “the human rights of women include their right to have control over and decide freely and responsibly on matters related to their sexuality, including sexual and reproductive health, free of coercion, discrimination and violence. Equal relationships between women and men in matters of sexual relations and reproduction, including full respect for the integrity of the person, require mutual respect, consent and shared responsibility for sexual behavior and its consequences.”
The World Health Organization reports that based on data from 2010–2014, 56 million induced abortions occurred worldwide each year (25% of all pregnancies). Of those, about 25 million were considered unsafe. The WHO reports that in developed regions about 30 women die for every 100, 000 unsafe abortions and that number rises to 220 deaths per 100, 000 unsafe abortions in developing regions and 520 deaths per 100, 000 unsafe abortions in sub-Saharan Africa. The WHO ascribes these unnecessary deaths to restrictive laws, poor availability of services, high cost, stigma, conscientious objection of healthcare providers, unnecessary requirements, such as mandatory waiting periods, mandatory counselling, provision of misleading information, third-party authorization, and medically unnecessary tests that delay care.
Women’s reproductive rights may include some or all of the following: the right to legal and safe abortion; the right to birth control; freedom from coerced sterilization and contraception; the right to access good and quality reproductive healthcare; and the right to education and access in order to make free and informed reproductive choices. Reproductive rights may also include the right to receive education about sexually transmitted infections and other aspects of sexuality, right to menstrual health and protection from practices such as female genital mutilation (FGM).
These are list of rights that women has to do whatever they want with their bodies without being restricted in any way. They have total rights of when to give birth, have abortion and even receive sex education.
In Nigeria, not too many people are aware of these rights as most women think, especially married women, that think their bodies belong to man and they have control over it.
Awareness campaign has to be made all over Nigeria for women to know their reproductive rights.
It’s very important to eliminate or reduce the mentality that women bodies are controlled by a man and that can only be achieved if women know their rights and fight for it.